Evaluation of Disaster News in the Context of the Social Cognitive Theory

​It is clearly seen in the reports published by international organizations that disasters cause more and more damage in our age. It is stated in many scientific studies that individual harm reduction studies have an important place in reducing the damages caused by disasters. With the development of communication technologies, news bulletins, which are one of the most preferred sources to meet the daily information needs of individuals, offer important advantages in individual preparation against disasters with their access cost and capacity. In this context, how effectively the first three news bulletins with the highest viewing rate in Turkey provided information about disasters is analyzed within the scope of the 'Hailstorm' case study that took place in Istanbul on 27.07.2017. The meteorological event in Istanbul, in which hail, rain and storm were revealed at the same time, was presented as the first news in the main news bulletins of ATV, Show TV and Kanal D. In the context of Social Learning Theory, whether the news texts in the three main news programs have informative aspects about disasters has been discussed with the content analysis method. Within the scope of the analysis, the Nvivo program was used. The analysis was carried out in two scopes within the framework of the news texts of the presenters who presented the news content and the citizens, experts or experts who witnessed the event. As a result of the research, it was concluded that the news texts covered in the case study focus on the instantaneous effects of the disaster and in the context of social learning theory, disaster news does not offer an instructive text content to its audience.​

The full text of this published research can be found here.

güncelleme: 11.2.2022 09:13