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 The aim Should Not Be Tentative Cease-Fire But Permanent Peace

 It was remarked that the greatest necessity in the region is not a tentative cease-fire but permanent peace in the “Building the Future in South Caucasus: Problems and Suggestions” .

<p>​<span style="text-align: justify;">I</span><span style="text-align: justify;">stanbul Aydın University (IAU) Institute of Graduate Studies and Association for Research on Diplomacy held together the fourth webinar series under the title of &quot;International Webinar Series IV: Building The Future in the South Caucasus: Problems and Suggestions&quot;and foreign policy issues were discussed.</span></p><p style="text-align: justify;">&#160;</p><p style="text-align: justify;">IAU Institute of Graduate Studies Director Prof. Dr. Ragıp Kutay Karaca and TRT World Editor Yusuf Erim carried out the moderation of the webinar. USA Former Ambassador Robert Cekuta ,Sputnik Azerbaijan Journalist Aygul Tagiyeva, Nizami Ganjavi International Center Director Elnur Aliyev, Regional Studies Center Director Richard Giragosian, Kadir Has University Vice Rector Prof. Dr. Mitat Çelikpala, and Assoc. Prof. Dr. Fabio L. Grassi from Italian La Sapienza University participated into the webinar as speakers.</p><p style="text-align: justify;">&#160;</p><p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>PERMANENT PEACE WITHOUT DEMONIZING THE PARTIES</strong></p><p style="text-align: justify;">Particularly the II.Nagorno Karabagh War occurred between Armenia and Azerbaijan last year, problems in the region, position of regional and global actors especially Russia and Turkey, and the future of the region were discussed in the webinar on IAU official Youtube channel via broadcasted live. The actual necessity of the region is not tentative cease-fire but permanent peace that none of the parties were &quot;demonized&quot; view came to the forefront in the webinar.</p><p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>ASSOC. PROF. DR. AYDIN: &quot;GREAT ACTORS ENTERED INTO THE REGION&quot;</strong></p><p style="text-align: justify;">Istanbul Aydın University President Assoc. Prof. Dr. Mustafa Aydın made the opening speech and stated &#160;&quot;Balances changed in the Caucasus region in the Cold War period and after 2008 years. Major countries that have extension in fields such as strategy, economy and energy are closely interested in the region although they do not have geographical connection with the region. It made this issue more important. The issues that will be discussed in the webinar became much more significant with the latest news.&quot;</p><p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>ASSOC. PROF. DR. GRASSI &quot;THE PEOPLE OF THE REGION HAVE SUFFERED A LOT&quot;</strong></p><p style="text-align: justify;">After IAU Assoc. Prof. Dr. Aydın&#39;s speech, La Sapienza University Academic Member and Historian Assoc. Prof. Dr. Fabio L. Grassi remarked &quot;The people of the region have suffered a lot throughout the history. A temporary solution can be found on diplomatic ground for the issues faced today, however, the important thing is preventing the next generation to be victims of unsolvable problems. Diplomacy and rational policies are required but not enough. We should build common future by protecting cultural heritage.&quot;</p><p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>CEKUTA: &quot;PARTIES ARE DEMONIZING EACH OTHER&quot;</strong></p><p style="text-align: justify;">USA Former Ambassador Robert Cekuta stated &quot;I think that different nations and groups are &#39;demonizing&#39; in South Caucasus in the recent years. I served as the U.S Ambassador to Azerbaijan between 2015-2018. The USA brought the economic and energy dimensions of the region into the forefront in this period. Today, the important thing is not providing a short term cease-fire but long term peace. Also, Turkey has become a very important actor in the region. I believe that Turkey and Biden government will have the chance to change many things in the region.&quot;</p><p style="text-align: justify;">&#160;</p><p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>ALİYEV: &quot;WE HAVE OPPORTUNITY TO LIVE IN PEACE AND TRANQUILITY&quot;</strong></p><p style="text-align: justify;">Nizami Ganjavi International Center Director Elnur Aliyev said &quot;Looking at the history of the region, we have opportunity to live in peace. I believe that Azerbaijan is open to cooperation and compromise on this issue. Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Armenia and Georgia collabarations will be beneficial for all the parties. We can provide permanent peace with solutions that occurred within the frame of international and national rules of law, and people of the region to lead a prosperous life. &quot;</p><p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>GIRAGOSIAN: &quot;ARMENIA CAN NOT BE INTEGRATED WITHOUT PERMANENT PEACE&quot;</strong></p><p style="text-align: justify;">After Aliyev&#39;s speech, Regional Studies Center Director Richard Giragosian stated &quot;The region actors should aim to revitalize efforts related to constitute peace and reliance without &#39;demonizing&#39; opponents. We need to evaluate reconciliation fields such as economic collaboration as an opportunity not ignoring the changefulness of the dynamics of the region. It is very difficult for Armenia to be in the global system without solving the Nagorno Karabagh issue and provide peace.&quot;</p><p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>TAGİYEVA: &quot;PROJECTS ARE OPPORTUNITIES FOR RECONCILIATION&quot;</strong></p><p style="text-align: justify;">Sputnik Azerbaijan journalist Aygul Tagiyeva said &quot;projects in transportation and construction fields, economic cooperations can be evaluated as factors that can increase reconciliation between actors in the region. I believe that the countries of the region are ready for this. The Turkish and Russian leaders have important role in providing peace in the region. Reconciliation on Nagorno Karabagh issue has great importance in this respect.&quot;</p><p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>PROF. DR. ÇELİKPALA: &quot;THE REGION IS VERY FRAGILE AND COMPLICATED&quot;</strong></p><p style="text-align: justify;">Kadir Has University Vice Rector Prof. Dr. Mitat Çelikpala stated &quot;Lack of confidence between actors of the region, both economic and political instabilities in the region, deficiency of structures that recommend peace, highness of fragility in the region, complication of the relations are basis problems faced in the region. While evaluating the region, it should not be ignored that the region is highly fragile and complicated.&quot;</p><p style="text-align: justify;">The event ended with the questions of audience and answers. Meeting records can be accessed on the IAU official Youtube channel. There are videos of the previous three webinars.<br/></p><p><br/></p>



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