It is the entrance door of dentistry that the treatment planning and detachment of findings of a patient suffering from oral and dental health problems are done. It is a branch of dentistry that examines the diseases, anomalies, developmental defects of the mouth, teeth, gingiva and surrounding tissue, investigates the criteria of diagnosis and treatment, and plans treatments for all patients with oral and dental health problems. This branch utilizes different laboratory methods as it is at the general medicine for definitive diagnosis of diseases. Radiology in dentistry is one of the sub branches of this branch.
Purpose: is to determine the source of the patient's primary complaint. Considering the current state of the patient as a whole, not only the present complaints but also the areas where future problems may occur are detached, thus complaints can be directed to treatment without progression of the disease. Protective and preventive treatments that are applied as a result of early diagnosis in this respect make treatments easier and more economical by preventing bigger problems that may occur in the future. Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology: it is a branch of dentistry that the diagnosis of diseases of the oral, dental and maxillofacial regions is made and the treatments to be performed are determined clinically and radiologically. It is aimed to detect and evaluate pathologies or anomalies if there is any with radiographies taken from mouth, teeth and jaws. In the light of this information, an individual treatment plan is prepared and the patients are directed to the specialist clinics where these treatments are to be performed. There are different types of x-rays used in dentistry. They are divided into two main groups: 1-Intraoral, 2-Extraoral. Our biggest help in the diagnosis of intraoral diseases, especially those related to hard tissue, such as teeth and jawbone, is dental radiographies i.e. dental x-rays. The two most popular types of dental x-rays are periapical x-rays (small x-rays showing 2-3 teeth) and panoramic x-rays (large x-rays that can show all of the lower and upper teeth and jaw bones). Digital radiography devices, a computer-aided technique, also allow you to do detailed evaluation by making color and light changes on the x-ray image by using very low radiation dose. In addition to these, MR and CT are the x-rays that can be requested contributively for implant applications and diagnosis of joint diseases.
1. Definition of Symptoms
2. Definition of Syndromes
3. Methods of Diagnosis
4. Determination of laboratory-radiological-pathological applications / methods that will lead to diagnosis. Oral diagnostic data is not always limited to dentistry. Some of the oral symptoms may be signs of systemic, serious illnesses. For example, gingival bleeding can be a symptom of a syndrome related to teeth or serious diseases like leukemia. Oral cancers occur in people up to 5% of the overall cancer rate, and the dentist needs a sufficient oral diagnosis knowledge to be able to diagnose at an early stage.